Réinstallation de réfugiés
Of the more than 9 million recorded refugees, as many as 6 million are in protracted situations, neither able to return home nor permitted to settle in their current place of residence.
A refugee is defined under international law as a person who is outside of his or her country because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on his or her race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular group, and who cannot or does not want to return home. With so many refugees living in insecure and inhumane circumstances, there exists an acute need to provide durable solutions, particularly for those deemed to be especially vulnerable.
Resettlement is the process through which refugee individuals or families are identified, legally documented and assisted to restart their lives in another country.
More and more governments are beginning to recognise the value of resettlement programmes. Recently, Brazil, Chile, Iceland, Ireland, Spain and Uruguay all joined Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States in offering resettlement as a response to the need of refugees for protection and durable solutions.
Yet for those refugees who enter the resettlement programme there is a great deal of uncertainty, and preparation needed before they arrive in their new home. ICMC has assisted in the resettlement process for over 750,000 refugees since 1951. Many of the refugees were processed for resettlement each year through ICMC Overseas Processing Entities (OPEs) in regional centres such as Bangkok and Zagreb. Today ICMC continues to process thousands of refugees for resettlement each year through its OPE in Turkey.
The principal steps to ICMC's Refugee Resettlement Processing
For individuals and families applying through ICMC's OPE to be accepted as refugees for resettlement:
-ICMC receives referrals for individuals and families who have been determined refugees by UNHCR and who are now applying for resettlement;