This section is directly referenced from the UNHCR publication Protecting Refugees: A Field Guide for NGOs, #GV.E.99.0.22, 2nd edition Dec 2001; excerpted with permission from the UNHCR.
Overview - Protecting Refugees - Special Protection Issues
Frequently Asked Questions on migrants, refugees...
Persecution that targets or disproportionately affects a particular gender. Under certain factual circumstances, gender-related persecution may come within the refugee definition.